Abstract

Bonga producer (Well-X) became severely impaired during a series of interventions (to address SCSSV failure), with oil potential dropping from 18 to 3 kbod. The Well and Reservoir Management team believed the initial impairment was most likely caused by fines migration and secondly by fluid (MEG and brine) losses to the formation during interventions. A two-fold treatment was recommended –solvent (surfactant) and half stre gth mud acid to target the two impairment mechanisms. Considering the relatively low productivity and remaining reserves, the downside risk was low from a subsurface perspective. The major concerns were related to HSSE and integrity risks pertaining to unspent FPSO. Lessons learnt similar jobs by other acid flow-back to the Bonga from successful executions of Operators enabled the Bonga team to demonstrate the necessary risk management and purs e the concept towards execution.

To minimize cost, the recommended deployment method was by bull-heading the treatment from the Field Support Vessel, via a flexible hose connected to the tree, and subsequently to back produce the well fluids to the FPSO with injection of Soda Ash to neutralize any unspent acid on the topsides. The key challenges that needed to be addressed were: Identifying an appropriate stimulation recipe, Ensuring adequate pump rate of stimulation fluid given limited pressure rating of the flexible hose, Managing flowback of unspent acid to topsides, Metallurgy compatibility with the stimulation fluid, ydrate risk and Production of H2S from chemical reaction. Full integration of the various functional aspects was essential for effective planning and execution.

The Well-X stimulation led to an increase in production frrom 3 to 22 kkbod, with PI improving from 1.4 to 86 bpd/psi; a PIF of 60. Industry experience shows that gaains from mud acid stimulation to attack fines can typically be sustained for up to 12 months, while the partial gain from surfactant to remove MEG/brine impairment is expected to be sustained permanently. TThhis success paves the way for further acid stimulation in the Bonga field where fines migration is typical among producers, and provides opportunities for production acceleration in the field and other upcoming developments.

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