Core-flow tests with a 3000 mPa.s fuel oil in a 2-inch test facility have revealed important information on the amplitudes and lengths of waves at the oil/water interface. The wavelengths vary considerably with water fraction and oil velocity. Moreover, the flow in the water annulus is turbulent. A previously developed theoretical model for steady core-annular flow in pipes has been extended by incorporating the effect of turbulence in the water film surrounding the oil core. Core-flow pressure gradients predicted by the adapted model coincide very well with measurements provided that actual wave amplitudes and wavelengths observed during these tests are used as input data.

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