The aim of this work is the development of a fast and reliable method for geomechanical parameters evaluation while drilling using surface logging data. Geomechanical parameters are usually evaluated from cores or sonic logs, which are typically expensive and sometimes difficult to obtain. A novel approach is here proposed, where machine learning algorithms are used to calculate the Young's Modulus from drilling parameters and the gamma ray log. The proposed method combines typical mud logging drilling data (ROP, RPM, Torque, Flow measurements, WOB and SPP), XRF data and well log data (Sonic logs, Bulk Density, Gamma Ray) with several machine learning techniques. The models were trained and tested on data coming from three wells drilled in the same basin, in the same geological units but in different reservoirs. Sonic logs and bulk density are used to evaluate the geomechanical parameters (e.g. Young's Modulus) and to train the model. The training phase and the hyperparameter tuning were performed using data coming from a single well. The model was then tested against previously unseen data coming from the other two wells.
The trained model is able to predict the Young's modulus in the test wells with a root mean squared error around 12 GPa. The example here provided demonstrates that a model trained with drilling parameters and gamma ray coming from one well is able to predict the Young Modulus of different wells in the same basin. These outcomes highlight the potentiality of this procedure and point out several implications for the reservoir characterization. Indeed, once the model has been trained, it is possible to predict the Young's Modulus in different wells of the same basin using only surface logging data.