This paper discusses the physical threat vectors that are impacting oil and gas assets. It identifies factors making these installations vulnerable, attack scenarios, and provides mitigation strategies based on physical security solutions. The concept of defense in depth is used to present technologies that can reduce and manage risk levels, while the integrated approach focuses on command and control (C2) technologies that give a holistic view to the security posture of an energy asset. This paper does not endorse or recommend specific types of deterrent technology, but options are presented to aid in fully understanding potential security solutions.

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