This paper describes the selection, field application and performance monitoring of jet pumps in the giant Mangala field situated in the Barmer basin in Rajasthan, India. The field contains more than a billion barrel of STOIIP (Stock Tank Oil Initially in Place) in high-quality reservoirs. The field was brought on production in August 2009 and is currently producing at a plateau of 150,000 bopd. Mangala field is characterized by multi-Darcy rocks with mix to oil wet characteristics. The oil is waxy and viscous, with wax appearance temperatures close to reservoir temperature.
Jet pump has been selected as the preferred artificial lift method for the deviated wells. The base development plan included hot water flooding; this makes water heated up to 85 °C available at the well pads as power fluid for jet pumping. In order to prevent exposure of carbon steel production casing to corrosive reservoir fluid, the jet pumping process involves pumping the power fluid down the annulus and taking returns through the tubing.
The results have indicated that the jet pumps are giving required drawdown, thereby restoring the liquid productivity of the wells. In addition to restoring well production, jet pumping has also been used as an effective and fast method for cleanup of deviated wells completed with sand screens. The real time monitoring of the jet pump parameters, using Digital Oil Field (DOF), has immensely helped in efficient monitoring the pump performance and reducing the response time in case of problems.
Jet pump application has helped in restoring the deliverability of wells at high water cut for such a viscous crude. Further analysis of the pump behavior will provide insight for efficiently operating these pumps which is critical for maximizing recovery from the field at higher water cuts.