Currently in Brazil it is observed that a limited number of companies holds the oil and gas market. Large national and international companies have enough structure to use only fields of greater profitability and abandon the mature fields. Canada and the USA, as the world’s largest oil and gas producers, have policies that assist small businesses by treating them differently. However, the Brazilian reality for these companies is different. Independent producers face several obstacles to development in this sector, including poor infrastructure, unfavorable environmental regulation and lack of incentive policy.
In this context, proposals for improvements in regulation and management in the E & P sector are addressed in order to encourage the entry of independent producers in this industry, since these have a great interest in operating in this area, as well as investments in outflow and agility infrastructure in Environmental licensing.