The objective of this paper is to present the improvement in zonal isolation and cement sheath properties using foam cement in heavy oil Chichimene Field in Colombia.
Achieving complete zonal isolation in the pay zone have become a major challenge in these fields, recently, given the complexity of the reservoirs: high permeability, low pressure, highly fractured, depleted, low fracture gradient, and cement column for well integrity. Despite advances in drilling technologies, such as MPD, massive losses still represent a major risk both drilling and cementing. Using commonly known cementing methods, like stage tool cementing and conventional slurries, have led to fair results. Foam cement technology emerged as an appropriate cementing method given its great properties both being pumped down, and once set
Foam cement has several advantages over conventional methods: it prevents losses, enhances displacement efficiency in the annulus, provides a unique feature of density/strength ratio, and has improved resilience and elastic properties once set.
Production liners in Chichimene and Castilla field have been cemented successfully with foam cement, even under severe well conditions as partial to severe losses. Full returns have been observed in all jobs while cementing, and cement has been seen at surface after circulating fluids out of top of liner. Good isolation has been obtained as per cement log evaluation. Foam cement has proved to be effective cement method to achieve proper isolation in difficult wellbores and has been of great benefit for cementing production zones in the mentioned fields.
Novelty of the cementing process, described herein, delivers unique engineered features that have proven a major benefit to ensure well integrity in the fields. Cementing under critical wellbore conditions, still account for many costly remedial works, and this novel approach for cementing showed its benefits to achieve excellent results. Content of this paper could benefit many operators dealing with critical wellbores.