La Cira Infantas (LCI) is the oldest oilfield in Colombia, with 100 years of oil production history spanning three periods: primary depletion, the first waterflood (WF) period, and the second WF period. After the first WF period, the field had neared its economic limit and an abandonment program was underway from 2003 to 2005.
Partners Ecopetrol and Occidental made the decision to implement a waterflood redevelopment project in 2005 that included reconfiguration of the old WF areas and WF expansion into new areas. The partners formed integrated reservoir development and management teams (RDT and RMT) that have combined workovers, infill drilling, WF optimization, and other IOR/EOR methods. The oil production has increased from approximately 5,000 to over 43,000 bopd, which is above the predicted 40,000 bopd.
One of the key components was WF conformance controls to improve sweep efficiency and to improve injection profiles across multiple stacked-sand layers. The selective injection method was implemented using multiple packers and side-pocket mandrels/valves. The design of selective injection strings involved complex engineering calculations and left some room for improvement.
This paper describes a new workflow used to optimize the selective injection design using multiphase flow simulation based on actual WF patterns. A field pilot test used an inverted 5-spot WF pattern to demonstrate this new workflow. The simulation results predicted a 45% incremental oil production above the base case. The simulation optimization process reduced the number of mandrels/valves from nine to six, which saves about 30% of the associated completion costs compared with the initial completion proposal for this case study.