This work is the result of the authors' several experiences in sandy reservoirs of clay minerals matrix in the San Jorge Basin. It is intended to highlight the advantages of the use of integrated reservoir models originated from the group of ordinary lithologic characteristics among reservoirs, their integration to sedimentary subambients inferred from logs, and high technology log data (spectral gamma ray and magnetic resonance).
The majority of the reservoirs of the Bajo Barreal formation are volcanoclastic sandstones with porosities modified and/or reduced with burial and as diagenesis grades increase. That decrease mainly takes place due to three processes: mechanic compaction, dissolution of grains by intergranular contacts, and pore cementation.
The quantization of the compaction is influenced by the abundance and type of lithic material. The use of technologies that make it possible to have a detailed estimate of the lithology (Spectral Gamma Rays, Lateral Impact and Rotated Cores) is of pre-eminent importance when evaluating that type of reservoirs.
The diagenetic conditions and processes directly affect porosity determination from conventional logs. This justifies the use of porosity tools that are independent from the type of material of the reservoir rock. However, the combination of porosity data obtained in the NMR together with lithologic determinations and appropriate logs results into an interesting alternative to improve the evaluation of sandy reservoirs.
Generally, it is considered that volcanoclastic sandstones have a poor potential as oil reservoirs, because of their low porosity and permeability due to compactational processes and precipitation of authigenic mineral, such as cement. But thanks to the high reactivity of their materials with fluids from the reservoir, secondary important porosities are developed making the reservoir a high quality one. For this reason, these processes can be used to indicate the quality of volcanoclastic sandstones.
The implementation of methodologies, as the ones in this work, endeavors to apply evaluation criteria of sandy reservoirs.
It is generally considered that volcanoclastic sandstones have a poor potential as oil reservoirs because of their poor porosity and permeability due to the action of diagenetic processes related to the sandstones burial. However, it is shown that some of these types of reservoirs develop secondary porosities which turn them into high quality potential reservoirs. For this reason, processes such as compaction, grain and cement dissolution are frequently used to determine the quality reservoir in volcanoclastic sandstones.