Two common challenges to sustain production in North Kuwait (NK) include (1) management of artificial lift equipment run life and (2) reduction of production decline through pressure maintenance by water injection. Standard electric submersible pump (ESP) management guidelines promote practices to protect ESP run life while sacrificing well production rates. However, using operating rates that are not always safe can permit optimum reservoir recovery. Better management of well production targets is required to maintain safe ESP operation ranges while pushing the limits to increase production.
A methodology has been developed to continuously optimize the well production potential without surpassing its safe operating envelope, keeping pump intake pressure (PIP) above the bubble point, ensuring optimum delivery at the surface, and minimizing pump downtime. This workflow was developed to assist the engineers in expediting data analysis and interpretation.
This paper describes the developed production optimization methodology, which enables short- and long-term production enhancement while honoring reservoir, ESP, and surface constraints. The process involves historical and real-time data collection and production test interpretation. From this analysis, the best estimations of short- and long-term well production potentials are identified, and the correspondent action plans are determined.
The developed workflow and the result of such an iterative production optimization process are illustrated. To date, as a result of this effort, an average of 8% in production gains has been certified in a number of wells in Sabriyah, NK.