The CO2 flooding is a proven enhanced oil recovery technique to obtain high oil recovery from complicated formations and can be applied to various types of oil reservoirs. It can be injected as immiscible or miscible flooding but immiscible flooding is less effective than miscible flooding. Two types of miscibility can occur: first contact miscibility and multiple contact miscibility. First contact miscibility happens when a single phase is formed when CO2 is mixed with the crude oil. Multiple contact miscibility occurs when miscible conditions are developed in situ, through composition alteration of the CO2 or crude oil as CO2 moves through the reservoir. The miscible flooding process involves complex phase behavior, which depends on the temperature, pressure and fluid properties of the oil reservoir. The CO2 increases oil recovery by oil swelling, reduction of oil viscosity and density, the acidization of carbonate formations and miscibility effects. Multiple-contact miscibility between the injected CO2 and oil can be achieved at pressures above the minimum miscibility pressure (MMP). MMP is the pressure at which the reservoir fluid develops miscibility with CO2 and is a very important parameter in a well-designed CO2 flood project.

Some reservoirs are considered tight because of poor rock or fluid characteristics. The main objective of this study is to investigate the performance of CO2 miscible flooding in tight oil reservoirs. This includes determination of minimum miscibility pressure (MMP) involving carbon dioxide and crude oil and miscible CO2 core flooding. This paper addresses the results of CO2 miscible flooding applied to a known reservoir. Several CO2 miscible flooding experiments were conducted using live oil at reservoir temperature and pressure above the MMP on composite cores of known reservoir. The MMP was determined experimentally using the slim tube. High oil recovery from these experiments indicates that the MMP determined from slim tube studies was correct and such a high recovery is only possible if full miscibility occurs during the displacement. The analytical correlation also gave a MMP consistent with MMP determined from slim tube experiments.

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