In SAGD process a pair of horizontal wells is drilled at the base of a heavy oil and bitumen reservoir, vertically one above the other. Steam is injected into the upper well and the heated and mobilized bitumen drains to the bottom producer and is withdrawn either by natural lift or artificial lift. Uniform distribution of steam along the entire length of the well bore is very important for the uniform growth of the steam chamber. This is very important to make the entire length of the well productive.

Pressure drop along the length of the injector and producer may cause steam break through in one segment and build up of liquid level between the wells. Generally steam is injected at the heel and the toe of the well and is distributed along the entire length primarily through slotted liner. It is expected that this will provide a higher quality steam at the toe end of the well. However, with out proper design the counter current heat transfer between the two streams may result in delivering a poor quality to the toe. In the producer it is necessary to withdraw fluid from the toe and heel. In a concentric design this may cause serious lifting problem if the tubulars are not designed properly and the split between the streams is not right. This paper presents the issues related to SAGD well bore design.

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