The Hydraulic Fracturing Test Site (HFTS) in the Permian-Midland basin has bridged the gap between inferred and actual properties of in-situ hydraulic fractures by recovering almost 600 feet of the whole core through recently hydraulically fractured upper and middle Wolfcamp formations. In total, over 700 hydraulically induced fractures were encountered in the core and described, thus providing indisputable evidence of fractures and their attributes, including orientation, propagation direction, and composite proppant concentration. This fracture data, along with the collected diagnostics, support testing and calibration of the next generation fracture models for optimizing initial completion designs and well spacing. In addition, with a massive number of existing horizontal wells in the Permian, the collected data is also useful for designing and implementing enhanced oil recovery (EOR) pilots to improve resource recovery from the existing wells. It is known from the literature that the primary recovery from the shale wells is typically about 5-10% of the original oil in place. Therefore, tremendous potential exists in the Permian to recover additional hydrocarbons by implementing appropriate EOR techniques on the existing wells. To explore this concept, Laredo Petroleum and GTI have agreed to perform HFTS Phase-2 EOR field pilot near the original HFTS, supported by funding from the U.S. Department of Energy and industry sponsors. The Phase-2 EOR field pilot involves injecting field gas into a previously fracture stimulated well in order to produce additional oil using huff-and-puff technique. During the course of the EOR experiment, a second slant core well was drilled near the injection/production well to capture and describe some of the fractures which served as a conduit for the injected gas field during the injection or "huff" period and the produced fluids during the production or "puff" period. The overreaching goals of the HFTS Phase-2 EOR experiment is to determine the effectiveness of cycling gas injection in increasing the oil and gas recovery from the Wolfcamp shale. Specific objectives included: 1. Drill, core, and instrument a second slant core well to describe the fracture network in the vicinity of an EOR injector/producer well 2. Perform laboratory experiments to determine the phase behavior, including black oil study, slim tube analysis, swell testing, etc. 3. Demonstrate how natural gas and/or CO2 increases the oil recovery from Wolfcamp shale through core flooding experiments 4. Determine if pre-existing stimulated horizontal wells can be re-pressurized above the miscibility pressure using the field gas 5. Perform numerical 3D reservoir simulations to predict EOR injection/production performance 6. Instrument offset wells and collect diagnostic data during the cyclic gas injection and production test. This paper describes the EOR field pilot along with the collected data and performed analyses noted above.

You can access this article if you purchase or spend a download.