This paper presents the detailed descriptions of successful field application for a high-temperature and high-salinity resistance microgel in a mature reservoir in the northwest part of China. The reservoir with low permeability (230 md) experienced serious vertical and lateral heterogeneity problems, which caused low sweep efficiency and high water-cut (more than 95%). The treatment was designed based on laboratory experiments and experience from previous field application, providing detailed information of mechanism of microgel treatment and project execution. Thermal stability test showed that the microgel could resist the salt concentration up to 230,000 ppm at 125 °C for more than 1 year. From the core analysis, permeability of the long-term water-flooded zone was measured around 1,489 md, proving the evidence that high-permeability zones existed. Pilot test has been done before field application and valuable experience about how to design the injection parameters was provided. According to the information from laboratory experiments and the pilot test, four injection wells associated with nine offset production wells were selected for microgel treatment. For about 10 months treatment, 169 t of microgel was injected by five slugs.

Gradually increased injection pressure suggested that microgel could be placed deeply into the reservoir. The ultimate incremental oil production was approximately 29,635.8 t with the water cut decreasing from 95.3% to 93.1%. Microgel can be successfully used in relative low permeability (230 md) reservoir with harsh conditions for conformance control.

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