This paper is a case study in an Ordovician carbonate, east China. Most carbonates are buried hill of Ordovician age and the reservoirs are dolomitized. Fractures are very important here as the porosity is often very low (about 2–5%). But the puzzle is the higher fractured zones not always are the higher production zones. So the two important things that one should be concerned with are (i) how to find the fractured zones, and (ii) the factors influenced the production rates.

An integrated approach using a combination of borehole image and NMR logs is applied in this study. Borehole images are used to extract fractures, vugs, rock textures and pore textures. Structure profile across the wellbore is created from the image dips as well, as an aid of the fracture analysis. NMR Bin data and T2 distribution spectrum are displayed to reflect pore textures, and a relative permeability also calculated from NMR logs. Furthermore, the morphic rock types are classified in details base on borehole images and lithology identified with other openhole logs. Nine morphic rock types are identified. All the summary data are displayed in one integrated plot for thorough analysis. The reservoir properties are found well related to morphic rock types and pay zones are observed located near the fault zone. Faults in one hand enhance the reservoir by dissolution on fracture and vugs near the fault zone, while in the other hand, it impair permeability of the fractures with clays in the fault zone. Those clay filled conductive fractures can be seen in borehole image, but no any permeable indictors in NMR data. The vuggy fractured dolomite is deemed as pay zone. The results are validated by the later well production. The combination of borehole image and NMR logs provide a valuable solution for clear understanding of this reservoir.

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