The information available for characterizing a reservoir is insufficient to develop a unique model. However, by applying the proper reservoir characterization methodology, a model can be constructed that optimizes and integrates all the data and thus facilitates the identification of reserve growth potential. This methodology contains four steps:

  1. determining reservoir architecture,

  2. establishing fluid-flow trends,

  3. constructing reservoir model, and

  4. identifying reserve growth potential.

The key to determining reservoir architecture is the application of genetic sequence stratigraphy. The reservoir architecture is determined by ascertaining the internal reservoir stratigraphy, defining the stratigraphic unit geometries, interpreting the distribution of depositional environments, and combining stratigraphy with structural character. Establishing fluid-flow trends should be accomplished within the context of the stratigraphy. This step includes determining the initial fluid and rock-fluid properties, generating a production-time-series analysis, analyzing any variation in fluid chemistry, assessing well test data, and determining the direction of injected fluids. The third and pivotal step of constructing a reservoir model by integrating reservoir architecture and fluid-flow trends has four steps. It begins with designing geologically based petrophysical models, then concurrently identifying the correspondence between reservoir architecture and fluid-flow trends, then establishing the reservoir model flow unit and compartment components. Next, the petrophysical properties are distributed spatially and the hydrocarbons in place are calculated. The final step is identifying reserve growth potential. It is accomplished by calculating reserves, delineating the remaining hydrocarbon resource, generating reserve growth concepts, and targeting reserve growth opportunities.

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