Development of the tight gas Khazzan Field in Sultanate of Oman has progressed through an extensive learning curve over many years. Thereby, the hydraulic fracturing design was fine-tuned and optimized to properly fit the requirements of the challenging Barik reservoir in this area. In 2018, BP Oman started developing the Barik reservoir in the Ghazeer Field, which naturally extends the reservoir boundary south of Khazzan Field. However, the Barik reservoir in the Ghazeer area is thicker and more permeable than in the Khazzan Field; therefore, the hydraulic fracturing design required adjustment to be optimized to directly reflect the reservoir needs of the Ghazeer Field.

A comprehensive hydraulic fracturing design software was used for this optimization study and sensitivity analysis. This software is a plug-in to a benchmark exploration and production software platform and provides a complete fracturing optimization loop from hydraulic fracturing design sensitivity modelled with a calibrated mechanical earth model to detailed production prediction using the incorporated reservoir simulator. One of the stimulated wells from Ghazeer Field was used as the reference for this study. The reservoir sector model was created and adjusted to match actual data from this well. The data include fracturing treatment execution response, surveillance data such as radioactive tracers, bottomhole pressure gauge, and pressure transient analysis. Reservoir properties were also adjusted to match long-term production data obtained for this reference well. After the reservoir model was fully validated against actual data, multiple completion and fracturing scenarios were simulated to estimate potential production gain and thus find an optimal hydraulic fracturing design for Ghazeer Field.

Many valuable outcomes can be concluded from this study. The optimal treatment design was identified. The value of fracture half-length versus conductivity was clarified for this area. The comparison between single-stage fracturing versus multistage treatment across the thick laminated Barik reservoir in a conventional vertical well was derived. The drainage of different layers with variable reservoir properties was compared for a range of different scenarios.

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