Hydraulic fracturing technology is an important means to stimulate unconventional reservoirs, and the placement morphology of proppant in cross fractures is a key factor affecting the effect of hydraulic fracturing. It is very important to study the proppant transport law in cross fractures.

In order to study the proppant transportation law in cross fractures, based on the CFD-DEM method, a proppant transport model in cross fractures was established. From the two aspects of the flow field in the fractures and the morphology of the proppant dune, the influence of the natural fracture approach angle, the fracturing fluid viscosity and injection rate on the proppant transport is studied. Based on the principle of hydropower similarity, the conductivity of proppant dune under different conditions is quantitatively studied.

The results show that the natural fracture approach angle affects the distribution of proppant and fracturing fluid in natural fractures, and further affects the proppant placement morphology in hydraulic fractures and natural fractures. When the fracturing fluid viscosity is low and the displacement is small, the proppant forms a "high and narrow" dune at the entrance of the fracture. With the increase of the fracturing fluid viscosity and injection rate, the proppant settles to form a "short and wide" placement morphology. Compared with the natural fracture approach angle, the fracturing fluid viscosity and injection rate have a more significant impact on the conductivity of proppant dune.

This paper investigated the proppant transportation in cross fractures, and quantitatively analyzes the conductivity of proppant dunes with different placement morphology. The results of this study can provide theoretical guidance for the design of hydraulic fracturing.

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