China has abundant low-permeability oil and gas resources. A lot of practice has proved that low-permeability reservoirs must undergo hydraulic fracturing to obtain commercial production capacity. Geomechanical characteristics are the key factor for fracturing. It plays a very important role in the oil field exploration and production. It is not only the driving force for oil and gas migration, but also provides a basis for wellbore stability analysis and drilling optimization design. The state of the formation stress field and the mechanical properties of the rock jointly determine the direction, shape and orientation of the fracture extension of the fracturing. Together it affects the stimulation effect of fracturing. Realizing the high-efficiency development of low-permeability reservoirs is a key and difficult problem facing for oil filed operator. Horizontal wells drilling and hydraulic fracturing are the core technology for increasing single well production in low-permeability reservoirs. The effectiveness of reservoir reconstruction directly determines the production capacity of the reservoir. In order to clarify the influence of static and dynamic geomechanics on the scale of reservoir stimulation in the process of horizontal well fracturing, and ultimately provide effective technical support for the formulation and optimization of reservoir stimulation design. This study is based on the study of single well one-dimensional geomechanics, using the structural characteristics and seismic attributes of low-permeability reservoirs to study the characteristics of the three-dimensional spatial distribution of mechanics. On this basis, combined with real-time fracturing treatment data and micro-seismic monitoring data, dynamic (four-dimensional) stress field simulations are continuously carried out. The research results can be mainly used to guide the optimization of reservoir stimulation and the evaluation of filed development plan.

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