Various industries have been applying the concepts and technologies of the Internet of Things (IoT) since it appeared, and are participating in – or driving IoT standardization and security efforts. The Oil & Gas industry is a relative laggard in applying the full capabilities of the Industrial Internet. Yet all the elements of success are lining up. There is now a published Industrial Internet Reference Architecture (IIRA), which means not having to reinvent the wheel. An ecosystem of device suppliers and system integrators is growing. And communication protocols such as the OPC Foundation's OPC-UA and the OMG's Data

Distribution Service are being interfaced to each other for seamless integration.

From case studies developed by others, especially the smart grid sector, we can derive useful guidance to improve operations, perform predictive maintenance, optimize production, improve safety and more. While these initiatives require an investment at a time of widespread, severe cost-cutting, this is also key to reducing production costs, automating labor-intensive tasks, and expanding remote operation, all of which contributes to the bottom line. Security is still a challenge, but the appropriate techniques exist and at least the issue is no longer being ignored. Data residency is also an obstacle, which will be tougher to remove in many regions because it is political and legal, not technical.

In this paper, we combine all this information to propose a roadmap for Industrial Internet application in O&G, give advice on organizing and governing such efforts (especially with respect to the frequent chasm between corporate IT and Operational Technology groups), and indicate resources that can help jumpstart such an effort.

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