In the oil field of the past, companies generally concentrated the bulk of their environmental resources on efforts to dispose of wastes after they were generated. Managing the large quantities of produced waters, drilling fluids, and other wastes associated with oil and gas exploration and production activities was perceived as an unavoidable problem. However, regulations regarding oil and gas waste management are becoming increasingly stringent. Costs for disposal of these wastes are also increasing, not only in terms of disposal fees, but also in terms of potential liability. And concern over the public health and the environment is increasing. Today, in order to economically comply with regulations, protect the environment, and limit potential future liability, companies must shift the focus of their waste management programs. These companies must begin to focus on the numerous source reduction and recycling opportunities that exist for all types of oil and gas operations. This paper explores several source reduction and recycling options for oil and gas operators, many of which are relatively simple and inexpensive.