As the oil and gas industry becomes more and more reliant on developing fields in third world and developing countries, they must also embrace the fact that whilst the rewards are certainly higher, so are the risks. Simply put, everything comes at a price. Terrorism, the threat of physical attack, fraud and corruption are of great concern to those responsible for investing in and sending staff to the higher risk regions of the world. But our industry has in certain areas been too blasé about the security risks in many countries and is guilty of reacting to problems rather than proactively reducing the risk to staff and assets. This paper outlines some of the background to the particular challenges faced by the oil and gas industry and solutions to the ever present security puzzle.