Environmental Management Plans (EMPs), in addition to being good business practice, are often required by lending institutions for certain major oil and gas exploration and production projects around the world. Lending institutions requiring EMPs include the World Bank/International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), the Export Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank) and others.

EMPs are more than documents detailing the procedures to be used for the protection of human health and the environment. The plans will have to be implemented in the field. Therefore, effective development of these plans requires a thorough understanding of the project, which is obtained by close interaction between the various project planning groups and the EMP development team; intimate knowledge of the project environment; and familiarity with the resources available. This paper summarizes and shares experiences associated with the development and implementation of EMPs.

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