This study is to determine personal, place and time characteristics of offshore accidents during the year of 1987, 1988 and 1989 of five oil companies operating in Indonesia.
Access to records of accidents was made through BPPKA, a production sharing coordinating body. Those records were transfered into a precoded forms for easy computer entry. Only five companies that submitted their data.
Age, length of service, employment status, job characteristics, work cycles, work schedules, marital status, citizenship, disability, anatomy and nature of accident were personal variables. Location of accident and number of inhabitants of offshore installation were place variables. Month, day of the week, date, hours, losstime and length of day working offshore before accidents were time variables. Description of these characteristics will be presented in proportion.
During the three years period there were 208 casualties (100%) in five companies. 43.75% of their age were between 31-40 years. 59.13% have been working with the companies for less than 10 years. 43.27% were permanent employees. 12.50% of them were mechanics. 61.06% were shiftworkers. 62.01% were working under schedule of two weeks on and 1 week off. 30.29% were married employees. 95.19% were national employees. 49.52% resulted in temporary disability. 29.32% caused injured hands and fingers. 44.71% striked by something. 44.71% of accidents were in production platforms. 54.33% of accidents were happened in installation with inhabitant less than 50 persons. 12.02% were happened during the month of May. 16.35% of accident were happened on Tuesday. 8.58% of accidents were happened at 10:00am and 7.50% at 16:00pm.
The younger the age of the employees the more prone they to an accident. Injury to hands and fingers were significantly high, if it was compared with the other anatomical section. Hours of the accident were also significantly high at 10am and 4pm. This would be very interesting with it was correlated with blood sugar level. A further study should be done in this matter.
Training should be emphasized for those younger and less experienced employees. Machineries that may caused hands and fingers injury should be replaced by robotics. Implementation of extra food between meals may be beneficial.