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Keywords: viscosity
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Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, February 6–8, 2024
Paper Number: SPE-217792-MS
... geological subdiscipline geologist geology hydraulic fracturing implementation bakken eagle ford petroleum engineer fracture toughness technology conference proceedings energy economics permeability unconventional resource technology conference basin viscosity anadarko basin augmented...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, February 6–8, 2024
Paper Number: SPE-217788-MS
... united states government hydraulic fracturing breaker 1 upstream oil & gas proppant viscosity high viscosity friction reducer breaker 3 reduction reaction fracturing fluid hvfr friction reducer oxidative breaker breaker paper fracturing materials polymer breaker chemistry...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, January 31–February 2, 2023
Paper Number: SPE-212366-MS
... = impact velocity, m/s; µ f = fluid viscosity, kg/m/s. where P f = fracture pressure, psi; ΔP perf = pressure drop across the perforations, psi; P τ = tortuosity pressure, psi. As a general rule, the fracture pressure and tortuosity pressure are out of the control of completions engineers...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, January 31–February 2, 2023
Paper Number: SPE-212348-MS
... among phases. This feature makes CFD models suitable to gain comprehensive understanding of proppant transport inside fractures. Except for foam fluids, proppant transport is essentially a two-phase flow of fluid and solid particles. Abstract Unlike high-viscosity fluids, proppant transport...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, January 31–February 2, 2023
Paper Number: SPE-212351-MS
... to flow. The settling progresses towards the upstream clusters as the toe side clusters are plugged and the critical velocity in that region drops below a threshold value. The injection rate, fluid viscosity, proppant diameter, proppant density and fluid density also have a significant impact on the total...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, January 31–February 2, 2023
Paper Number: SPE-212329-MS
... perforations and developed a quantitative understanding of the C d for sharp-edge drilled and semi-round jet perforations. The study also investigated the C d sensitivity to several design parameters such as the perforation diameter, tunnel length, and fluid viscosity. In addition to the steady state...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, January 31–February 2, 2023
Paper Number: SPE-212346-MS
... independent flow networks between the injector and the producer, and ultimately to test long-term connectivity between the two wells. In addition, the mechanics of isolating stages and developing fracturing fluid viscosity in a naturally fractured granitic reservoir at 435°F [224°C] were evaluated. Three...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, February 1–3, 2022
Paper Number: SPE-209133-MS
... degradation effects observed in the field compared to lab flow loop measurements, casing friction pressure reductions plateau around 1-1.5 gpt of FR, and high-viscosity friction reducers typically possess higher casing friction pressures due to its higher viscosity. The novelty of this study is the newly...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, May 4–6, 2021
Paper Number: SPE-204196-MS
... results are extracted for analysis. The slurry flow turbulence was described using the common standard K-ε turbulent viscosity model with the standard wall function. The turbulence effect on the particle dispersion was captured using the discrete random walk (DRW) model. The DRW is a stochastic...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, May 4–6, 2021
Paper Number: SPE-204144-MS
... hydrogen bonds. This mechanism produces a shear-thinning fluid with a high low shear rate viscosity. Figure 1a Preparation of fumed silica taken from Wikipedia Fumed silica was investigated by Dodson et al. (2000) as a viscosifier for high-density brine fluids such as calcium and zinc...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, May 4–6, 2021
Paper Number: SPE-204175-MS
... in complex hydraulic fracture networks. Specifically for this study, focus is placed on two different fluids, water-glycerin solution and water-sodium chloride solution, representing varying fluid densities and viscosities. The effects of changing fluid viscosities, densities, proppant densities, proppant...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, May 4–6, 2021
Paper Number: SPE-204153-MS
...-fold fracturing cost decrease to place a pound of proppant downhole. We will document this trend in detail in the paper. A significant industry trend over the last decade has been a "viscosity for velocity" trade. The change to smaller mesh regional proppants, in combination with an increase in pump...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, May 4–6, 2021
Paper Number: SPE-204189-MS
... concerns are still associated with its ability to carry and transport proppant inside the hydraulic fracture. Therefore, HVFRs, which are typically higher molecular weight polyacrylamides with higher polymer loadings, were developed to improve fluid viscosity and proppant transport of slick-water fluid...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, May 4–6, 2021
Paper Number: SPE-204171-MS
... concentrations of VFR were used knowing that the higher concentrations would likely be used during the field trial. The VFR showed excellent friction reduction of 70% at the lower concentrations and dropped to 55% at 3 gpt due to increasing viscosity. The area of operations for this project is shown...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, May 4–6, 2021
Paper Number: SPE-204182-MS
.... fracturing materials upstream oil & gas 15-cluster design proppant concentration fracturing fluid cfd simulation fluid 2 proppant distribution proppant cfd model viscosity proppant transport hydraulic fracturing slurry placement proppant placement stress shadow effect simulation...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, May 4–6, 2021
Paper Number: SPE-204197-MS
...Mathematical Model where ρ is the fluid density, u is the fluid velocity, p is the fluid pressure and μ is the fluid viscosity. The continuity equation of the aqueous phase fluid is (2) ∇ ⋅ u = 0 Abstract As our industry is tapping into tighter carbonate...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, February 4–6, 2020
Paper Number: SPE-199750-MS
... influences they have on profit, people's health and safety, and the environment. proppant chemical additive water frac hydraulic fracturing waste management viscosity fracturing fluid food waste composition fracturing materials Upstream Oil & Gas fluid loss united states health...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, February 4–6, 2020
Paper Number: SPE-199736-MS
... Fracturing processes in unconventional reservoirs have led to the development and application of low viscosity fracturing fluids. These include lower polymer loaded cross-linked systems as well as slickwater systems utilizing linear gel or friction reducers. Due to the extremely low permeability...

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