The objective of this study was to evaluate treatment distribution and fracture geometry in a multi-stage, multi-cluster fracture completion performed in a horizontal Eagle Ford well. Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) and Distributed Temperature Sensing (DTS) data were acquired on the subject well. The DAS/DTS-observed fracture treatment distributions were then modeled in a three-dimensional fracture model in an effort to visually represent resultant fracture geometries. This process was used to evaluate the impacts on the resulting treatment distributions that occurred as a result of stress-shadowing between fractures. The ultimate goal was to understand the influence that adjacent fractures within a stage and adjacent stages have on fracture distribution, fracture geometry, and completion effectiveness.
DAS/DTS data suggest a high level of interference between adjacent fractures. Interference between adjacent fractures within a given stage, and from adjacent fracture stages, results in a consistent geometric predominance for fracture growth in the most heel-ward perforation cluster. DAS/DTS results also indicate that an excessive number of perforation clusters, spaced closely together, magnify the negative effects of stress shadowing, and potentially diminish completion effectiveness.
Operationally, the DAS/DTS data showed that the surface pressure response originally attributed to downhole diversion from particulate diverters was in fact not due to diversion. Once a dominate fracture was established in a given stage, it remained dominate throughout the entire stage even though two diverter drops per stage were incorporated into the treatment. Finally, the DAS/DTS data indicated that a significant portion (71%) of the stages experienced intra-stage communication. The large majority of this communication was due to plug leakage.