Three-dimensional (3D) geomechanical models built at reservoir scale lack resolution at the well sector scale (e.g., hydraulic fracture scale), at least laterally. One-dimensional (1D) geomechanical models, on the other hand, have log resolution along the wellbore but no penetration away from it—along the fracture length for instance. Combining borehole structural geology based on image data and finite elements (FE) geomechanics, we constructed and calibrated a 3D, high-resolution geomechanical model, including subseismic faults and natural fractures, over a 1,500- × 5,200- × 300-ft3 sector around a vertical pilot and a 3,700-ft lateral in the Fayetteville shale play. Compared to a 1D approach, we obtained a properly equilibrated stress field in 3D space, in which the effect of the structure, combined with that of material anisotropy and heterogeneity, are accounted for. These effects were observed to be significant on the stress field, both laterally and local to the faults and natural fractures. The model was used to derive and map in 3D space a series of geomechanically based attributes potentially indicative of hydraulic fracturing performance and risks, including stress barriers, fracture geometry attributes, near-well tortuosity, and the level of stress anisotropy. An interesting match was observed between some of the derived attributes and fracturing data—near-wellbore pressure drop and overall ease and difficulty to place a treatment—encouraging their use for perforation and stage placement or placement of the next nearby lateral. The model was also used to simulate hydraulic fracturing, taking advantage of such a 3D structural and geomechanical representation. It was shown that the structure and heterogeneity captured by the model had a significant impact on hydraulic fracture final geometry.

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