This paper illustrates a practical systematic approach to determine the reservoir flow characteristics and reserves for both conventional and unconventional gas wells. Currently, there is an industry assortment of production analysis methods ranging from exponential decline and typecurve matching to rate-pressure normalization techniques and detailed production history matching. Through real life cases studies it will be shown that it is possible that a simpler reservoir model, such as a single well completed in the center of a circular reservoir, could be used to represent far more complex reservoirs, and still provide some representative reservoir characterization, as well as accurate reserves analysis and production forecasting. As a result, it possible that engineers and the like can avoid some of the more labor intensive production data analysis (PDA) techniques, and use more a methodology similar in operation to traditional decline.

Case studies and experience presented in this paper will demonstrate that a simple approach of production analysis methods will allow for a) proper identification of flow regimes, b) reliable evaluation of drainage area and OGIP, and c) the prediction of future deliverability and depletion. Case studies will also show that up-scaled and aggregate reservoir properties can provide a real measure of gas well deliverability (therefore a simpler, time-efficient model analysis can be used). Data uncertainty, unconventional gas (i.e. coal bed methane, tight gas, shale gas), stimulation appraisal, and other factors will be discussed in the context of the case studies.

You can access this article if you purchase or spend a download.