It is common knowledge that over its life-cycle an oil producer or water injector may experience a reduction in near-wellbore permeability or overall fluid connectivity to or from the reservoir from in-wellbore impediments that negatively impact productivity or injection. Such permeability reductions or fluid connectivity losses are often related to near-wellbore damage or ‘skin’ or in-well damage induced by fill, scales, waxes, asphaltene or other blocking mechanisms. In recent years an increasing number of coiled tubing ("CT") stimulation and cleanout interventions has led to the advancement of downhole tools focused on remediating such damage mechanisms. One such development that has been successfully deployed to re-establish water injection rates for reservoir pressure support in oil field production operations is a multi-directional, cavitational-based fluid pulsing tool that provides a hydro-mechanical means to both remove detritus materials from the immediate wellbore but also stimulate the near-wellbore region.

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