Migration of formation fines has been shown to cause production decline in many wells, especially for sand production wells in heavy oil reservoir. Filter cakes in wire wrapped liner, which were formed by the attachment of viscous crude oil blended with formation fines, may block the flow paths of viscous oil. The solution to this problem is appropriate treatment to mitigate this type of formation damage.
In this paper the performance at laboratory-scale of a new type of agent for formation damage mitigation is presented and some guidelines for its application including the injected pore volume and injection concentration are provided.
The mechanism for damage mitigation with this type of agent in heavy oil reservoir was introduced in detail, it mainly include that this type of agent can reduce interfacial tension between crude oil and water and change the wettability of rock surface, which may lead to the breakaway of resins and asphaltenes attached to the rock surface.
By simulation experiments and core flood tests the effectiveness of this type of agent to mitigate the damage in heavy oil reservoir was identified. Simulation experiment results show that, damage mitigation in cores with the permeability higher than 1μm2, is more effective than those with the permeability lower than 1μm2, and core flood experiment results also indicate that this type of agent with the concentration of higher than 5% can remarkably increase recovery factor for cores with the permeability higher than 1μm2. Finally some results on the behaviour of its application in heavy oil reservoir are presented.