Several horizontal wells have been drilled in different sandstone formations in Sumatra. These formations have a typical permeability of 100 to 500 md, a low bottomhole pressure (BHP) of 450 to 750 psi, and a bottomhole temperature (BHT) of approximately 200°F. The wells are completed with perforated liner. The objective of the horizontal drilling program was to increase oil recovery in low-permeability estuarine reservoirs. Some of the drilled horizontal wells did not perform to expectations and an intensive study was undertaken to identify completion and stimulation opportunities to increase production.

During this study, all aspects of the initial completions were examined and redesigned.

  1. The drill-in mud was reformulated to reduce the amount of polymer and increase the use of fine calcium carbonate to decrease lost circulation during drilling and simplify the removal of filter cake during initial completion.

  2. Core tests were performed to identify the optimum fluid formulation, which dissolves the remaining filter cake but does not destroy the formation's natural permeability.

  3. A new way of removing the filter cake after completing the well was introduced using oxidizer technology.

  4. A new, true fluidic oscillator was used to remove near-wellbore skin (in conjunction with an improved acid system) for wells that have been producing for several months or years.

The paper presents several case histories to discuss how completion and stimulation problems were systematically evaluated resulting in increased horizontal well production.

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