The fine migration and the scale formation into the porous media and the resulting production decline have long been the problem to the petroleum industry. It is also generally accepted that formation due to the particle movement and the scale formation are not thoroughly understood. In contributing to the solution of this problem, an experimentally study of calcium sulphate scale formation and the particle movement in the porous media using of packing bed with 12 different size of the glass and sand bead and the 8 core plug that gathered from the Siri oilfields. The purpose was to study the different physical and mechanical aspects of the processes leading to the formation damage caused by the movement and the entrapment of the suspended particles and the scale formation.

The permeability is the key parameter among several others that control the reservoir performance. The experiments are based on the results of the permeability reduction. The interception of the permeability reduction by the interaction between the operational parameter is very complex. Therefore, several of these factors such as the temperature, the concentration, the fluid dynamic and the type of porous media are considered.

The experimental results are analyzed and a new model which can predicts particle movement and the scaling tendency of the common oilfield water deposits in the water disposal wells, the water flooding systems, and in surface equipment's and the facilities is developed. The developed of the model is based on the experimental data and the empirical correlation, which perfectly mach the Iranian oilfields condition. This model has been applied to the investigate of the potential of the scale precipitation in the Iranian oilfields, either in the onshore or the offshore fields, where the water injection is being performed for the desalting units water disposal purpose or as the method of secondary recovery or the reservoir pressure maintenance.

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