The objective of this work is to analyze the pressure transient behavior in long or extended testing times to detect reservoir limits and to guarantee an optimal reservoir dynamic characterization that allows to understand, the real behavior of the producing formation since the beginning of its productive life, as well as ensuring timely decision-making.
For this analysis, we considered some Extended Limit Tests (ELT) in exploratory or wildcat wells and currently producing wells in developed fields, from which we found the main well productivity associated parameters, an approximation of the optimum number of wells, drainage radii, estimated reserves to recover and the detection of reservoir limits and heterogeneities. The responses obtained were compared then, the associated problems and the causes that originated them from the design, execution and finally, during the interpretation of the Pressure Transient Analysis (PTA) were identified. Additionally, the present paper also attempts to propose a practical approximation for well drainage and investigation radii considering the nature of fractures in carbonates.
The importance of this work lies in improving the initial characterization of reservoirs through the analysis of Extended Limit Tests (ELT) for reaching a greater radius of investigation; correspondingly, it is intended to implement an appropriate exploitation scheme (fit for purpose) for each field according to their characteristics and behavior shown for a good reservoir management and Optimal Number of Wells (ONW) to increase the recovery factor, risk mitigation and future investments assurance.