A novel strategy has been implemented in Libyan oil companies to eliminate the environmental impact of gas flaring by utilizing the associated gas to produce electricity and petrochemical products. This strategy would have significant environmental and economic advantages. The primary purpose of the study is to investigate the scenarios that could further facilitate the reduction of natural gas pollution in one of the Libyan oil companies caused by flaring and its utilization in power stations.

More than 27% of the associated gas is flared daily in Libya due to an inability to monetize or store the associated gas. However, a new technique uses the flared gas to produce energy at a power station located approximately 30 miles from the oil fields. This power station has four units with a total capacity of 640 megawatts. In recent years, the power station was operated using crude oil, despite it having been designed to be operated by gas as well. It was found that it would cost much less to produce the electricity if natural gas were used instead of crude oil.

The evaluation demonstrated that switching from flaring the gas to reusing it to generate energy or create petrochemical products has significant environmental benefits. These benefits include a reduction in released toxic components and air pollution, which limits contribution to climate change and reduces health hazards, particularly in residential areas near the oil fields. In addition, this method of reusing flared gas exhibits some economic benefits, such as the ability to manufacture electricity from natural gas rather than costly crude oil. In addition, the associated gas can be used to optimize supply of products such as methanol, ethylene, and ammonia.

This research seeks to discuss and develop efficient and effective solutions to avoid flaring associated gas, which is considered a waste of valuable natural resources, and reuse it in order to maintain a clean environment and provide economic benefits by using the associated gas to produce electricity and supply it to various petrochemical businesses.

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