In the Appalachian Basin, the primary focus has shifted from exploratory wells to full pad development. Therefore, generational affects--the relationship between parent and child wells--are becoming a primary concern to operators that are fully developing their lease positions. This study examined bottomhole gauge data from a parent Marcellus Shale well that was recorded during the hydraulic fracture stimulation of three children wells in the Marcellus Shale and two children wells in the Burket Shale.
The characteristics of the children wells created a robust data set due to variation in inter-well spacing, producing formation, completion design, and stimulation timing. Fracture modeling was performed in advance of the completion operations in order to mitigate possible parent-child communication. The parent well produced natural gas and condensate for nine months prior to being shut-in for the completion of the children wells. Rate transient analysis was performed on the parent well to further understand the depletion of the producing zone. Detailed bottomhole pressure and temperature data were measured in the parent well during the stimulation.
Once operations were completed, the bottomhole gauge data was examined to identify frac hits to the parent well. The general magnitude and timing of the frac hits were examined in relation to the rock matrix and completion design parameters, and completion sequence. It was concluded that over 75 percent of Marcellus frac stages communicated with the parent well, with the most frac hits being attributed to the nearest child well. Logistic regression tests were performed on individual parameters to determine key influencers on the likelihood of a frac hit.
Detailed bottomhole gauge data, as presented in this paper, is limited in the current literature due to the expense of data acquisition. The unique characteristics of the wells involved in this field experiment provide for robust statistical analysis that is not typically available publicly in the Appalachian Basin.