Abstract

In many cases, carbonate oil wells are stimulated with open hole acid flush or acid fracturing treatments to increase productivity. Some of the challenges with fracturing stimulation are reservoir related, such as consistently stimulating all targeted intervals and intersecting the natural fracture network. The growth of hydraulic fractures in the vertical direction is difficult to predict, leading to the risk for entering unsought gas or water-bearing formation. Operations can be complex, costly and pose environmental challenges. A multilaterals stimulation technology (MST) has been developed and field tested to be a simple, efficient and more controllable method of stimulation with less environmental impact. The method uses less fluid, reduces the risk of groundwater contamination and eliminates stimulation fluid flowback disposal. This paper discusses the evolution of the technology, leading to the first pilot installation in a horizontal well in the Austin Chalk carbonate reservoir in Texas, during April of 2014. The pilot installation proved the stimulation technology's efficiency by creating 60 laterals, each 40 feet long, in a few hours pumping time. This installation is believed to be a world record for creating 60 laterals in less than 5 hours. The well's production response was significant, and productivity index was increased by 30 times compared to before the stimulation.

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