Increased demand for energy resulted in the expansion of drilling activities worldwide. Any improvement in terms of well planning and drilling operation can result in significant savings for the operator. A good plan includes all information from offset wells as well as sound engineering principles and it relies on subsurface characteristics and operating conditions. While formation properties are not controlled by drilling, the operational parameters can be modified to improve the drilling operation on a real time basis. Thus it is important to study the operational factors affecting the performance of a rig. Particularly, understanding the parameters that control wellbore cleaning is beneficial in both horizontal and deviated wells.

In this study, a section of casing-drill pipe annulus section was simulated using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to determine the effects of different parameters such as fluid velocity, cutting size, rate of penetration, drill pipe rotation and inclination angle in deviated wells. The simulations were conducted at steady state and the results for maximum cutting concentrations in the annulus were analyzed. Formation of cutting beds is noticed near the entry section of the annulus and the transport of the cuttings in the annular section occurred in the form of stratified flow. Fluid flow rate, angle of inclination and rate of penetration have a major impact on cutting concentrations and proper prediction of these parameters are important to avoid formation of cutting beds. It is also noted that drillpipe rotation can enhance cutting transport but it generally has a greater effect on smaller sized particles.

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