The first field scale Polymer flood project in the Middle East region is being implemented in an oil field of Sultanate of Oman from early 2010. The oil field discussed here containing viscous oil (90 cp) was discovered in 1956 and is located in eastern part of South Oman Salt basin. First commercial production started in 1980 from this field. The field has gone through different development phases in its 30 years of history prior starting tertiary recovery phase by polymer flooding.
This field scales Polymer flood project comprising 27 patterns as Phase-1 covers about one third of the total field IOIP (initial oil in place). It is worth mentioning that whole field is under water flooding and water injection was going on prior to initiation of Polymer flood in all these 27 injectors. Further extension in phases to full field polymer flooding is under evaluation.
Till now this Polymer flood project has successfully completed 3 years of good performance contributing to significant oil gain. This paper describes briefly about the principles involved in polymer flooding, planning of this polymer flood project, field implementation and field examples of polymer response. In addition, a few practical aspects of managing key issues in polymer flooding like- fracture growth in injectors, shear degradation of polymer solution, pattern conformance and back produced polymer has been covered in this paper.