The production of crude oil in the Soviet Union fell dramatically in 1985, for reasons unrelated to the world market. Major deficiencies confront the industry, most importantly, the absence of large new discoveries to offset production declines at the older fields. Authorities have scheduled production increases through 1990, but these increases appear to be beyond reach.

For the People's Republic of China, crude oil output has been demonstrating modest growth in recent years. Plans for 1990, however, call for a major increase in production during the coming five years. Prospects for meeting the plan goal are uncertain, against the background of disappointing offshore developments.

General guidelines for the planned development of energy supply for both the Soviet Union and China are presented, and the probable role of both as exporters of crude oil in future years is discussed.

A series of tables presents actual, estimated and planned levels of activity for the petroleum industry of both countries, through the end of the Century.

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