A review and phenomenological modeling of the various processes causing reservoir formation damage are presented. The mechanisms involved in the migration, deposition, and mobilization of the fine particles and inorganic and organic precipitates are described physically and mathematically. The various problems created by fine particles at the pore surface, clogging and dislodgment of the pore throats, aggregation, and interface particle transfer processes in multi-phase fluid systems flowing through porous media are described. The implications of the various mechanical, chemical, and thermal processes on the behavior of the particles are discussed. The various types of shock phenomena and their effects on the particulate processes are explained. The alteration of the pore connectivity, preferential hydraulic paths, permeability and porosity of porous media as a result of the various particulate processes are formulated. The phenomenological modeling of the particulate processes in single- and multiple-porosity reservoir formations is presented. The applications may concern with the damage by particles, injectivity decline in waterflooding wells, formation damage by drilling mud invasion, formation damage in naturally fractured reservoirs, asphaltene deposition, and sand production and gravel pack damage.