We present a new 2D analysis based on the recently developed stochastic bubble population foam model, focusing on the effect of the core heterogeneity. In the frame of the model presented in a parent paper in the conference, we assume that the bubble generation kinetics is dependent on layer permeability. We present experiments consisting of co-injection of N2 gas and surfactant solution in layered cores, with layering parallel and to the flow directions. The cores are obtained by combining two porous media chosen from Benteimer and Berea sandstone and sintered glass, with large permeability contrast. X-ray computed tomography (CT) scans are used to visualize and quantify local fluid distributions and differentiate foam propagation in the different layers. From both the model and the experiments we conclude that foam is primarily generated in the high-permeability layers, where it propagates at a much higher speed than in the low permeability layer. The propagation of foam in the low permeability layer requires that the pressure gradient is higher than the capillary entry pressure for the layer. The new stochastic population balance foam model reproduces rather well the main features of foam motion in heterogeneous cores containing a surfactant. Core floods combined with CT scan imaging provide valuable specific information about the effect of heterogeneity for better design of acid diversion operations.

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