In matrix treatments, placement of the injected fluids is essential for success. Over the years, several diversion and placement techniques have been applied to obtain a desired fluid distribution. Real-time evaluation of a treatment was limited to observing injection pressures or bottomhole pressures. These measured pressures provided some information on the diversion process. The application of distributed temperature sensing (DTS) during matrix treatments to monitor the temperature profiles along the wellbore in real time is a recent method to obtain a qualitative indication of the fluid distribution. In this paper, we will discuss whether DTS can also be used to quantify the fluid distribution during a matrix treatment.

For the real-time quantification of the fluid distribution during a matrix treatment from temperature surveys, both real-time read outs of the temperature surveys and an accurate real-time model are needed. With DTS, the real-time read out is a feasible technique that has been developed to present and evaluate the temperature surveys in real time. Further, a coupled wellbore and near-wellbore thermal model is available that runs in real time. This paper will describe these techniques and models and validations using several case histories.

In addition, an analysis of matrix treatments using DTS temperature surveys, where available, will be presented. The models will be used in the analysis to obtain calculated fluid flow distribution. We will discuss how this methodology can be applied in real time and what benefits quantification of fluid flow distribution offers. Further, we will describe what other benefits can be obtained from real-time temperature profiles during stimulation treatments.

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