In matrix acidizing of carbonate reservoirs, the generation of wormholes is a major key to success. Numerous papers have been written that describe the formation and propagation of such wormholes. Generally, these models have been based on sound chemistry and physics. Some of the models have been validated against laboratory experiments that are generally conducted in a linear geometry. However, in order to use the models in the design of matrix acid stimulation treatments, the models need to be validated under radial flow conditions that dominate field treatments.

Radial flow, competing wormholes, permeability contrasts, and reservoir height are example parameters that cannot easily be validated in laboratory experiments. Scaling of the models to field conditions might be required. Two types of models have been written for aiding in treatment designs. One model, called a linear-type model, is fully consistent with the decades of linear flow tests conducted in the laboratory. The second model, called a symmetry model, is exceedingly difficult to validate in the laboratory. This paper evaluates both models against treating pressure responses from field treatments.

A matrix treatment simulator was used that includes such effects as multiple formation layers with independent formation parameters and allows for modeling zonal coverage. The formation parameters include permeability, porosity, mineralogy, acid reactivity, skin damage, and permeability contrast. The well parameters include height of the layers, wellbore tubulars, friction pressures, etc. This simulator was an ideal framework for evaluating the two acidizing wormhole models. This paper demonstrates the key issues related to the interaction between the wormhole models and zonal coverage.

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