Traditionally bullhead water control consists of the placement of water-soluble chemicals without mechanically isolating oil layers. In order to be successful, bullhead treatments should block water-bearing layers without affecting the permeability of the oil-bearing layers too much. This paper reports an experimental investigation of an innovative water shutoff chemical deemed suitable to accomplish this task. The chemical is soluble in oil without any reaction, and is transferred into and reacts with water to form a stable gel. Core flow experiments consisting mostly of the injection of either oil or water in cores containing the chemical dissolved in oil were performed to investigate the ability of the gel to reduce water permeability while maintaining oil permeability. To ensure that the results are relevant for designing field applications, the experiments were performed under conditions encountered in various sandstone reservoirs in the North Sea, Croatia and other regions. Permeabilities and temperature ranging from 100 to 300 mD and 70-900C were therefore considered in this study. The influence of the other physical parameters, such as viscosity, concentration of active chemical in oil chemical, injection rate, etc., was also investigated.

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