As operating conditions become more severe, and the costs associated with well failure escalate, the need for effective sand control increases. However, in a time of tightening economic constraints, the need to control costs also drives decision making. In this time of apparently conflicting concerns, the industry has responded with a move away from traditional Sand Control to what can be more properly termed Sand Management.

Several projects described in the literature are concerned with a particular aspect of Sand Management. Whether it is a description of predictive modeling, preventing sand production through rate control and/or selective perforating, improved sand control through advanced completion practices of frac-pack or horizontal well gravel packing, or the latest in expandable screen products, these studies have focused on one (or perhaps two) aspects of an overall Sand Management project.

To fully grasp the benefit of this new completion paradigm, we must stop looking at well design with a preconceived answer in mind. Rather, all aspects of Sand Management must be considered when making field development decisions. It is the goal of this paper to bring the best from previous studies together to provide a solid review of available Sand Management techniques. However, since all decisions have either positive or negative consequences, this paper also reviews the economic and operational concerns associated with these decisions. An understanding of how initial decisions may impact future options will assist in enhancing our ability to optimize completion type selection.

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