Oil and gas operations involve multiple equipment suppliers, service companies, contractors, and operating partners, which makes the need for standardization in the digital oilfield clear. Successful deployment of any digital oilfield solution involves transfer of information among these different players, in addition to standardized equipment. The oil and gas standards community has been working to enable end-to-end, real-time data transfer from the sensor to simulation or the accounting system or a regulator, in addition to the traditional exchange of larger static information. The industry has seen a great deal of progress on the uptake of data standards for data in motion and fundamental improvements in the standards themselves. The data in motion are real-time data in the drilling and production arenas, and on-demand movement of data between applications or among partners and regulators. The static data is the traditional contextual information about wells and their histories along with information on their historical performance and the activities used to create and operate them.

This paper provides an introduction to standards in general, an update on the current state of the art for the dominant real-time and static data standards, the revised architecture currently being deployed for those standards, and the relationships among the various standards-setting bodies in the industry.

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