Good perforating design is essential in maximizing the value that can be pulled from the reservoir. Poorly-planned and/or executed perforating strategies in high-pressure, deep-water wells can easily increase operational costs and reduce production and revenue streams.

With the increased demand for oil and gas over the last decade, operators have been forced to explore deeper to find the most prolific reservoirs to meet this growing need. In the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, these deep-water opportunities have required constant improvements to equipment and services to increase their technical capabilities for performing in more critical environments while minimizing non-productive time (NPT). Higher shot densities, propellants, larger perforating guns, electronic firing heads, shrouded assemblies, and dynamic shock modeling have been used to meet these new challenges.

A major problem with these deep wells is the increased cost it takes to develop them. The use of more powerful perforating systems to increase flow area is required to maximize well productivity and recoup this cost. With the use of such systems comes the additional explosive load and the difficulty in predicting dynamic wellbore behaviors that could cause tubulars to burst, collapse, bend, buckle, and shear, as well as tubing to move excessively, packer seals to fail, and packers to unset as perforating guns are detonated.

Understanding and mitigation of dynamic events at gun detonation, in addition to solid loading imparted to the tubulars, packers, and other completion hardware in the perforating assembly, were needed if the industry was to continue exploring new frontiers with complex challenges. A high-confidence level was needed to use these larger gun assemblies to go forward with these well completions without incurring NPT.

This paper discusses a successful execution of a high-pressure, deep-water shoot-and-pull job with a custom-designed bottomhole assembly to address casing integrity challenges and the dynamic shock-modeling software program that evaluates the mechanical integrity of all well components.

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