Abstract

Riserless drilling poses numerous operational challenges that manifests itself in a number of ways, that can adversely affecting the efficiency of the drilling process. The problems include increased torque and drag, increased vibration, poor hole cleaning, tubular failures by buckling above the mud line, poor cement jobs, and associated problems during tripping operations. Drilling in deepwater and ultra-deepwater as well as extending the reach to a greater along hole depth in the riserless environment requires both improved models and comprehensive analysis, especially when the larger diameter casing pipes are run and cemented. The present calculations without proper modeling will gravely underestimate the hook load values when the casing strings are run in deepwater situations. This paper proposes a modeling approach, which uses scenarios in which the drillstring/casing strings are in open water and in openhole reservoirs under different operating conditions to arrive at appropriate hook-load values in addition to torque and drag calculations.

Both combinations of soft and stiff string models are used for the tension-force estimation as well as the wellhead-side loading calculations. The research results also present the hook-load calculations for scenarios when casing and inner string are run with drilling mud inside the inner string, sea water in the outer string, and pad mud in the hole below the mud line. The study concludes that various parameters influence the results, such as wellhead offset from the rig center, wellbore inclination, curvature, wellbore torsion, angle of entry into the wellhead besides the complexity from wind, wave forces, and ocean currents. This paper documents the comparison between the predicted mathematical simulation results with the actual well data from different wells to explain the rigor of implementation.

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