During the last 30 years, in offshore Mexico, matrix stimulation treatments were designed and executed around pumping large volumes of fluids by a "bullheading technique," which comprised multiple stages of pre-flushes, acids, and solvents without adequate control of placement. The objective of these matrix stimulation treatments in the Ku-Maloob-Zaap carbonate formations fields is to remove drilling-induced damage and achieve maximum well productivity. This is a challenge because this formation is naturally fractured and presents high permeability, around 4-5 Darcies. The "bullheading technique" has been proven to be inefficient because the evaluation logs have shown non-uniform stimulated intervals.
Recently, coiled tubing (CT) operations adapted a new procedure to improve the stimulation treatment's placement technique. However, the biggest concern was to determine if the chemical fluids had correctly stimulated the target zones. The initial solution was achieved by pumping radioactive tracers with the chemicals during the stimulation and an additional CT run performed to take a gamma ray (GR) log. This procedure has proven to be inefficient and time consuming.
For first time in offshore Mexico, the innovative technique of combining coiled tubing equipped with optical fibers (CT-EOF) and distributed temperature survey (DTS) to acquire and record pressure and temperature data—which is compared with petro physical data in real time—to decide selective placement of chemical fluids in target zones, was implemented in a completed oil producer cased hole well in Campeche Bay. This innovative technique reduced operational time and eliminated the additional CT run while optimizing the placement of the stimulation fluids for improved well productivity. The information obtained from the DTS allowed informed decisions to be made on alternative lifting methods to improve the well productivity performance for this well.
The job design, execution, and post-treatment evaluation of a matrix stimulation treatment in well M-432—where CT-EFO and DTS were combined—will show how the operation was optimized. In addition, the comprehensive analysis from DTS data was used to optimize placement of the stimulation treatment, the evaluation of effectiveness of the matrix stimulation treatment, the analysis used to identify the well productivity problem, and the benefits this new technique offers in the Ku-Maloob-Zaap carbonate formation.