Acoustic data obtained from sonic logging tools plays an important role in formation evaluation. Given the associated costs, however, the industry clearly stands to benefit from cheaper technologies to obtain compressional and shear wave slowness data. Therefore, this paper delineates an alternative solution for the prediction of sonic log data by means of Machine Learning (ML).

This study takes advantage of an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and support vector machine (SVM) ML techniques to predict compressional and shear wave slowness from drilling data only. In particular, the network is trained utilizing 2000 data points such as weight on bit (WOB), rate of penetration (ROP), standpipe pressure (SPP), torque (T), drill pipe rotation (RPM), and mud flow rate (GPM). Consequently, acoustic properties of the rock can be estimated solely from readily available parameters thereby saving both costs and time associated with sonic logs.

The obtained results are promising and supportive of both ANFIS and SVM model as viable alternatives to obtain sonic data without the need for running sonic logs. The developed ANFIS model was able to predict compressional and shear wave slowness with correlation coefficients of 0.94 and 0.98 and average absolute percentage errors (AAPE) of 1.87% and 2.61%, respectively. Similarly, the SVM model predicted sonic logs with high accuracy yielding to correlation coefficients of more than 0.98 and AAPE of 0.74% and 0.84% for both compressional and shear logs, respectively. Once a network is trained, the approach naturally lends itself to be integrated as a real time service.

This study outlines a novel and cost-effective solution to estimate rock compressional and shear-wave slowness solely from readily available drilling parameters. Importantly, the model has been verified for wells drilled in different formations with complex lithology substantiating the effectiveness of the approach.

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